Phong Nha-Ke Bang national park

Phong Nha-Ke Bang national park
Phong Nha-Ke Bang national park

The Park is known as a paradise for explorers and researchers of caves and grottoes; it is also the home to 140 families, 427 branches, and 751 species of precious plants in the world.

Phong Nha – Ke Bang is the national park in the north-central of Vietnam, in Quang Binh province. It is the place to protect one of the world’s two largest karst regions with numerous hundred grottoes and caves. Its name derives from of the most beautiful cave called Phong Nha with various fascinating rock formations, and Ke Bang forest. The plateau is apparently one of the distinctive examples in Southeast Asia.

Phong Nha-Ke Bang national park

Phong Nha-Ke Bang national park

This national park was recognised by UNESCO in 2003

Phong Nha-Ke Bang national park was nominated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for the first time in 1998. It was recognised to be a world natural heritage at the UNESCO’s 27th general assembly session held in Paris from June 30th toJuly 5th, 2003 under the name Phong Nha Nature Reserve.


Phong Nha is a part of a larger dissected plateau encompassing the Hin Namno and Ke Bang karsts. The limestone continuously shows the complexity interbedding with sandstones and shales. This national park, along with with the capping of schists and apparent granites has led to a uniquely distinctive topography.

the beauty of phong nha-ke bang national park

This national park was recognised by UNESCO in 2003

Going into the cave, you may see discrete episodic sequences of events, leaving behind several levels of fossil passages, formerly buried and uncovered palaeokarst nowadays. It may be the evidence of significant changes in the solutional regime; changes in the routes of underground rivers, deposition and then the resolution of unique features as sub-aerial stromatolites and giant speleothems. The form and location of caves suggest that they may owe much of their size and morphology to some as undetermined implications of the granites and schists which overlay the limestone. On the surface, there are a lot of series of landscapes, ranging from deeply dissected ranges and plateaux to an immense pole. There was an evidence of at least 1 period of hydrothermal activity of this ancient mature karst system in the evolution. The plateau is seemingly one of the most distinctive examples of complex karst landform in South East Asia.

Conservation value

Phong Nha-Ke Bang national park is off as one of the largest areas of intact forest habitat which remains in Vietnam. The national park is part of a continuous forest with the nearby Him Namno Biodiversity Conservation Area of Laos, so it is likely the largest areas of forest on limestone karst in Indochina. The presence of tall lowland forest regionally threatened as a habitat type in this place increases conservation value of this area.Since the park was listed on UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites, the number of visitors coming here has increased significantly. Tourism activities in this area play a significant role in the Trading and Tourism Department of Quang Binh province. Quang Binh Province invested in upgrading the Phong Nha-Ke Bang visitor site to turn it into one of the Vietnamese major famous destinations. Phong Nha-Ke Bang is a part of a tourism promotion program called Middle World Heritage Road including the Champa relics of My Son, the ancient capital of Hue, Nha Nhac, the Space of Goong culture in the Central Highlands, and the city of Hoi An.

ke bang forest - Phong Nha-Ke Bang national park

The beauty of Phong Nha – Ke Bang

Some tourist activities in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park

– Tour for an expedition of grottos and caves and in boats and with professional cave expedition means.

– Mountain climbing: There are a lot of sloping mountains in this area with over 1,000 m high, which is a true challenge for adventurous climbers

– Ecotourism, discovering the florae and fauna in this place in the Ke Bang Forest.

To facilitate the increasing flow of tourists all over the world to the site, the Dong Hoi Airport was constructed and go into service at the end of 2008.

Phong Nha displays an impressive amount of evidence of the history of our earth. It is important for increasing our understanding of the geochronological, geomorphic and geologic history of the region.

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